Sofa VS Couch: The Ultimate Guide to Types, Differences, Similarities

Sofa VS Couch: The Ultimate Guide to Types, Differences, Similarities

When it comes to furniture, many terms are used interchangeably, especially if the distinctions between the actual items are minuscule. Nevertheless, many such expressions have specific meanings for reasons that are good to know. Take the eternal “sofa VS couch” battle, for example. 

While people often use them as synonyms, the terms actually refer to two different types of furniture. In the core meaning, a sofa is typically an upholstered design featuring two arms and a back. A couch, on the other hand, is also upholstered, but the back and arms are not obligatory. In addition, a couch is generally considered to be more casual than a sofa. So if you have any dilemmas about which model to choose for your home, read on. You will consider yourself an expert before the end of this post.

Sofa vs. Couch: Elementary, My Dear Watson

Sofa vs. couch in a Homilo living room design
Sofa vs. couch in a Homilo living room design

What would it be, a sofa or couch? It’s a common question when shopping for upholstered furniture. Here, we intend to clear up the confusion once and for all. 

What Defines a Sofa

An elegant sofa in a living room by Homilo
An elegant sofa in a living room by Homilo

A sofa is a formal piece of furniture with a cushioned back and seat. It’s often used in living rooms and salons as an anchor for the space. But what exactly defines a sofa? Is it the cushions? The frame? The style? Let’s take a closer look.

  • A sofa typically has several cushions that you can arrange in different ways. These cushions provide comfort and support and can be made from various materials, including down, foam, feathers, or fiberfill. 
  • Conventional sofas have arms. In fact, the arms are so important that their shape often determines the sofa type. But along with style, the arms also play a functional role.
  • The frame of a sofa is also important. It supports the cushions and determines the overall shape and style of the piece. Standard sofa frames are made from wood, metal, or composite materials. 
  • The style of a sofa is dictated by its design. Some iconic models are so timelessly designed centuries ago that they still have a notable place in modern interiors. However, there are many other styles to choose from nowadays, including rustic, modern, and contemporary.  

What Defines a Couch

A comfortable couch in a living room design by Homilo
A comfortable couch in a living room designed by Homilo

Contrastly to the sofa’s formality, a couch is a more relaxed piece of furniture. While similar in its appeal, it offers more in terms of functionality. 

  • A couch is perfect for casual spaces like family rooms and basements, but it can also be used in other areas, such as a bedroom or a nursery. 
  • It allows us to relax after a long day, watch TV, entertain guests, and take naps. 
  • Couches come in diverse shapes and sizes, with or without arms and back, so they can be easily customized to fit any space.

In perspective, a sofa is a place to sit while a couch serves for…well, all other forms of daily leisure, in addition to seating.

Finally, the term “sofa” is more common in the European way of speaking. The “couch” is far more common in the USA as the universal name for the majority of contemporary lounger designs.

Sofa vs. Couch: The Differences

Sofa vs. couch Can you tell the difference in this Homilo design
Sofa vs. couch: Can you tell the difference in this Homilo design?

Do you remember the scene from the movie “American Beauty” where Lester and his wife engage in a heated argument about their silky living room lounger? So, was it a sofa or a couch? That should give you a certain idea about the subtleties in the names’ formality. 

Speaking of subtlety, there are many faint differences with which the furniture significantly impacts a room’s overall look and feel. Nowhere is this more evident than with sofas and couches. While these two pieces do appear to be very similar at first glance, here are a few key distinctions that set them apart. 

For starters, sofas are typically much longer than couches, with an average length of around 84 inches/213 cm. Couches, on the other hand, tend to be shorter and squatter, with an average length of approximately 72 inches/180 cm. This gives sofas a more stately appearance that is perfect for formal living rooms, while couches have a cozier feel that makes them ideal for family rooms and dens. 

Another difference between sofas and couches is that sofas typically have three or more cushions, while couches usually only have two. This again contributes to the overall look and feel of the piece, with sofas having a more traditional appearance and couches feeling more casual. 

Finally, because they are longer, sofas often have more curves and contours than couches. These provide a softer, more inviting look ideal for large living rooms and open-concept areas. 

Sofa vs. Couch: The Design Alphabet

Sofa vs. couch vs. sectional, open concept living room by Homilo
Sofa vs. couch vs. sectional in an open concept living room by Homilo

When it comes to choosing a lounger, there are many factors to consider.

  • What is the room’s function? 
  • What is your lifestyle, in relation to…
  • …how often and in what ways will the item be used? 
  • What is your budget? 
  • What is the decor style of the room?

There are many different types of sofas and couches, from traditional designs to modern interpretations. The perfect choice for your home will depend on a variety of factors. For example, if you have a small space, you may want to look for a loveseat or a futon. You may also prefer a modular sectional design if you have a large family. And if you entertain frequently, you may do best with a design featuring built-in storage or extra seating.  

For those who prefer a more relaxed look, oversized bean bag chairs are a cozy option. And for those who want to make a statement, chaise lounges, benches, and daybeds offer a classy take on traditional couch design.  

But with so many styles on the market, it can be hard to know where to start. So now, let’s have a look at distinguished lounger designs. Their history, designs, and purposes will further clarify the “sofa vs. couch” topic and its nuances. We will break down the most popular types of sofas, from traditional Chesterfields to contemporary sectionals.


A classic choice for any living room, Chesterfield sofas are characterized by deep button tufting and rolled arms.

Chesterfield sofa

The name comes from the Earl of Chesterfield, credited with popularizing this furniture style in the 18th century. Chesterfield sofas are often made of leather or velvet and are known for their luxurious appearance. This iconic design is still appreciated and widely used in both residential and commercial settings. It makes a statement choice for anyone looking for a classic yet timeless piece of furniture.


Named after its inventor, Thomas W. Lawson, this lounger style features loose back cushions, three seat cushions, rolled back, and arms. The Lawson is a more casual take on the traditional sofa, and its simple design makes it a popular choice for smaller spaces. In other words, the Lawson sofa design can be easily considered a couch.

A modern take on a Lawson sofa by Rodolfo Dordoni

The Lawson sofa today boasts a surprisingly contemporary appeal, considering that it was initially created in the late 19th century. It is no wonder, therefore, that it makes quite a popular choice for both traditional and contemporary homes. Its design simplicity defines Lawson as versatile, adaptable, and easy to decorate. Additionally, the rolled back and arms provide good support and extra comfort, rendering it suitable for both relaxing and entertaining guests.  


As its name suggests, the Camelback sofa has a distinctive humpback shape. This dramatic silhouette is often upholstered in luxurious fabrics like velvet or silk, making it a statement piece for any room. 

Camelback sofa vs couch

Sharing the same distinctive profile, camelback sofas can come in a variety of different styles. Some have exposed wood frames, while others are entirely covered with fabric. 

This lounger type first became popular during the Georgian era in England. During that time, furniture was designed to be practical as much as elegant. The camelback sofa fit this aesthetic perfectly and soon became a staple in aristocratic households. Today, it remains popular among design aficionados, and anyone who appreciates classic furniture that can easily be incorporated into any design scheme.  


The Tuxedo sofa is defined by its clean lines and straight arms, which give it a sleek and modern look. This style is perfect for those who want a stylish yet functional piece of furniture, since it can easily be dressed up or down depending on the surrounding décor.

Tuxedo sofa

A tuxedo sofa is initially similar to the Chesterfield but simplified with cleaner lines and a more rigid geometric shape. The most distinguishing feature of a tuxedo sofa is its arms, which are the same height as its back. Tuxedo sofas are typically very comfortable and inviting despite the clean, formal look perfect for a living room as well as an office. 

Traditionally, Tuxedo sofas have been upholstered in leather or velvet, but today they can also be found in various other fabrics. 

Chaise Longue

A chaise longue is a piece of furniture that can be used for both seating and reclining. It typically has a raised back and arms and may have additional features such as a headrest or footrest. In French, the word chaise longue literally means “long chair,” and it is believed to have originated in the 18th century. 

Sofa vs couch vs chaise longue

Chaise longues are often made from leather or velvet, suited for various settings, from living rooms to bedrooms. Their distinctive lines and rich upholstery quickly add a touch of effortless luxury to any space.


A settee is a type of small two-seater typically featuring two arms and a back. It is smaller than a standard sofa, making it an ideal choice for tiny apartments and similar spaces. Settees can be upholstered in different fabrics, including leather, velvet, and linen.

Art Deco setee sofa

You can commonly find setees as accent pieces in living rooms or entryways. In addition to their decorative value, these elegant pieces of furniture also are quite comfortable to sit on. Their compact size makes them perfect for snuggling up with a good book or taking a nap. 


A popular choice for larger spaces, sectionals offer ample seating and can be arranged in a variety of configurations. They are available in both traditional and contemporary styles, making them a versatile option for any home.

Sofa vs couch vs sectional in a living room bt Homilo
Sofa vs couch vs sectional in a living room by Homilo

A sectional sofa is basically a type of couch consisting of multiple sections arranged in a number of ways. It makes them incredibly versatile, as they can be adapted to fit nearly any space or purpose. Sectionals are also usually very comfortable with their deep seats and plenty of cushions. 

Modular Sofas/Couches/Sectionals

In recent years, modular sofa design has become increasingly popular. However, you might be surprised to learn that the first iconic modular designs date over half a century back. This type of lounger offers several advantages over traditional sofas, including flexibility, versatility, and ease of use.

Modular sofa vs couch

Modular designs are composed of individual sections, which can be rearranged to create different configurations. In return, most models can easily adapt to small or large spaces. By simply rearranging the components, you can create a more spacious seating area, a conversation pit, or an ample daybed for the home cinema. 


A futon is a type of bedding that originated in Japan. It typically consists of a mattress and frame that can be easily folded up and stored away when not in use. Futons are multifunctional loungers popular for their space-saving abilities, as well as their versatility – they can be used as a bed, a couch, or even a chair. 

Futon sofa couch

Futons are generally quite comfortable, although they may not be as supportive as traditional mattresses. However, they are not always the most stylish piece of furniture. For all those reasons, they often make a popular choice for college dorms and single studio apartments.


A daybed is a piece of furniture that can serve as a bed and a sofa. Daybeds are typically smaller than standard beds and have thinner mattresses, making them ideal for use in small spaces. They are also popular among college students and young adults who want the flexibility of being able to use their furniture for both sleeping and lounging. 

Daybed sofa couch

Daybeds come in many styles, ranging from traditional to contemporary, and can be made from diverse materials, including wood, metal, and upholstered fabrics.

Couch Poufs

French-originated and technically a footstool, this furniture item is often called a couch pouf or a sofa pouf. You can use it as an alternative to a traditional couch or love seat, a couch extender, or a single low backless stool. 

Sofa couch poufs

A pouf typically features a soft, plush cushion in a plethora of colors and fabrics. They are generally smaller than regular couches and easier to clean and maintain.

Another type of pouf sofas are ottomans, which originated in Morocco. They were traditionally made from leather or woven fabric and filled with wool or cotton. Today, their rich ethnic patterns make them a beloved staple of eclectic and global interior design styles worldwide. 

Other Types of Sofas vs. Couches

In addition to conventional loungers, there are many specialized designs. Those include:  

  • Medical couches, designed for use in doctor’s offices and hospitals
  • Convertible couches which can be transformed into a bed; also known as sofa beds
  • Inflatable couches which can be easily transported and stored per need
  • Reclining sofas with backrests that can be adjusted to different positions 

Iconic Sofa vs. Couch Designs Still Relevant Today

Over the years, many authentic sofa designs have stood the test of time, becoming synonymous for style and sophistication. Here are just a few of the unique models that have helped to define the way we think of furniture.

Le Corbusier's LC2 sofa

Le Corbusier’s LC2 sofa is a prime example of his signature minimalist style. The simple design features a metal frame with leather upholstery and can be easily adapted to fit any space. 

Barcelona sofa daybed

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe’s Barcelona sofa is another iconic design. Its clean lines and tufted upholstery make it a timeless piece that will never go out of style. Think of it as a modern daybed or a divan.

Miles van der Rohe Bauhaus chaise lounge

Another classic from the same designer is the Bauhaus chaise lounge. Created in the early 20th century, it was a response to the ornate, complicated furniture of the previous eras.

Florence Knoll sofa

Next is the Florence Knoll sofa, one of the most compelling examples of modern furniture design. Featuring clean lines and simplified forms, the Knoll Sofa is a timeless work of art that epitomizes the best of mid-century modern style legacy.

Iconic Serpentine sofa

The Serpentine Sofa by Vladimir Kagan is another mid-century modern classic, characterized by its serpentine shape, clean lines, and organic form. Kagan was a master of cantilevered construction, and his furniture was known for its comfort and elegance.

Mah Jong sofa

Mah Jong modular sofa is a timeless classic and an icon of modern design, created by Hans Hopfer for Roche Bobois in 1971. It has since been featured in numerous relevant publications worldwide.

Bubble sofa by Sasha Lakic

The original bubble sofa was designed by Pierre Paulin in the 1960s, quickly becoming a symbol of the Decorative Arts movement. The new Roche Bobois bubble sofa by Serbian-born French designer Sasha Lakic retained the simple, organic lines of the original design, updating it for 21st-century living.

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